TYBCOM Sem 5 Cost Accounting Question paper 2023
TYBCOM Sem 5 Cost Accounting Question paper 2023

TYBCOM Sem 5 Cost Accounting Question Paper 2023

Time:3 Hrs (Marks 100)

  • All Questions are compulsory.
  • Figures to the right indicate full rnarlu;allotted to the questions.
  • Working Notes wherever neceu1’ry should form a part of.your answer.
  • Calculate figures up to the two decimal point~ wherever-required.

Q1 A) Select the most appropriate option and rewrite the full sentence (Any Ten) (10 Marks).

1) In production of furniture wood is a ______ material.
a) Direct
b) Indirect
c) Semi variable
d) Hazardous

2) In fashion industry, fabric thread and buttons are ______ material for making clothing.
a) Direct
b) Indirect
c) variable
d. Hazardous

3) The ______ cost of using a company vehicle for a personal trip is the revenue the company could have earned by renting it out.
a) Sunk Cost
b) Relevant Cost
c) Irrelevant Cost
d) Opportunity Cost

4) The ______ level is .the ideal q Jantity to order to minimize both ordering and holding costs.
a) EOQ
b) Maximum
c) Minimum
d) Danger

5) In ABC analysis, _______ items typically represent items with moderate or intermediate value and significance compared to A items but more than C items.
a) Category A
b) Category B
c) Category C
d) Category D

6) _______ assumes that-the oldest inventory is sold first and that the newest inventory is left in stock
c) Weighted Average Method

7) In _______ , employees are compensated based on the quantity or number of units they produce or tasks they complete.
a) Piece work plan
b) Halsey Premium Plan
c) Rowan System
d) Gantt’s Task

8) The _______ is a labour payment plan that considers both quantity or output and time efficiency.
a) Piece work plan
b) Halsey Premium Plan
c) Rowan System
d) Gantt’s Task

9) Royalty paid is a part of ________
a) Prime Cost
b) Factory Cost
c) Administrative cost
d) Selling Cost

10) Store keepers salary is a part of ________.
a) Prime Cost
b) Factory Cost
c) Administrative Cost
d) Selling Cost

11) Net profit as per-cost records is Rs.15000 Interest on Investment not recorded in cost books is Rs. 3000. Calculate profit as per financial records.
a) Rs.15000
b) Rs.3000
c) Rs.18000
d) Rs.12000

12) Net profit as per cost records is Rs.15000. Bad debts debited in financial records is Rs.3000. Calculate profit as per financial records.
a) Rs.15000
b) Rs.3000
c) Rs.18000
d) Rs.12000

Q1 b) Match the Column (Any 10). (10 Marks)

Group AGroup B
1) Bank Chargesa) Selling Overheads
2) Coding Systemb) Individual Bonus Plan
3) Ordering Costc) Administrative Cost
4) Economic Order Quantityd) Service Cost Centre
5) Idle Timee) Facilities Entry Collation
6) Rowan Premium Planf) Excluded in Cost Book
7) Over Absorbed Overheadsg) Chargeable Expenses
8) Quality Controlh) Absorbed Overheads Less Actual Overheads
9) Prime Costi) Goods Inspection Expenses
10) Loose Tools Written Offj) Power Failure
11) Upkeep of Delivery Vansk) Size of Purchase Order
12) Loss by Firel) Factory Overheads

Q.2 A) M/s. Ashish Manufacturing Company manufactures two types of products viz. M and N. The information for the year ended· on 31st March, 2022 is as under

M (Rs.)N (Rs)
Direct Material per unit300360
Direct labour per unit180150
Direct expenses per unit120250

Additional Information:

  1. Factory expenses are charged at 20% of prime cost.
  2. Office expenses are charged at 25% ·of works cost
  3. 6,000 units of product M were pr9duced of which 4,500 units were sold and 15,000 units of product N were produced of which 13,500 units were sold.
  4. Selling expenses are Rs.45 per unit for product M and Rs.60 per unit for product N.
  5. Company _charges-a profit at 20% on sales for both the products
    Prepare a cost sheet showing the cost and profit in total as well as in per unit. (20 Marks)


Q.2B(i) From the following information value closing stock as on 30-9-2023 applying Weighted Average Method. (10 Marks)

UnitsRate Per Unit (Rs)
Opening Stock

2B(ii) Calculate the machine hour rate to cover the overhead expenses related to a machine.

Sr. No. Particulars
1Cost of the machine Rs 950000
2Installation charge; of the new machine Rs 75000
3Estimated scrap value :,f the machine Rs 25000
4Oil and Lubrication ~ Rs 7500 per quarter
5Consumable Stores Rs 1000 per month
6Consumption of electric power per hour 20 units
7Rate of electric power per unit Rs 0.50
8Foreman’s salary per month (I/6th for this machine)Rs 6000
9Cotton waste etc. Each Machine (Per Quarter)Rs 5000

It is estimated that the life of the machine is 10 years and will work for 10000 hours per
annum. (10 Marks)

3A i) The Purchase Department of your organisation has received ap. offer of quantity discounts on its order of materials as under: [10 Marks]

Price per tonneOrder (in tonnes)
Rs.2,800 Less than 1,000
Rs.2,760 1,000 but less than 2,000
Rs.2,720 2,000 but less than 4·,000
Rs.2,680 4,00Q but less than 6,000
Rs.2,6406,000 and above

The annual requirement of the material is 10,000 tonnes. The delivery cost/ordering cost per order is Rs. 1 ,800 and the annual stock holding cost/carrying cost is estimated at 20 percent of the average inventory. The purchase department wants you to consider the following purchase options and advise which among them will be the most economical ordering quantity, presenting the relevant information in a tabular form. The purchase quantity options to be considered are 800 tonnes, 1,000 tonnes, 2,000 tonnes, 4,000 tonnes and 6,000 tomes.

ii) Inventory records of Shrinidhi Ltd. Shows the following information: (10 marks)

Details Material R (Rs.)Material S (Rs.)
Matenal in hand on 1.4.20221,00,0002,00,000
Material in hand on 31.3.202350,00075,000
Material purchased during the ear 4,50,0005,75,000


  1. Material turnover ratio regarding each of these materials
  2. Express in number of days the average inventory held
  3. State which of the two materials is slow moving material


Q.3B) The following data was obtained from the books of Space Ltd. for the year ended 31st March 2023.

Sr. No.ParticularsDepartments
1Direct Materials (Rs.)90000125000750002500035000
2Direct Wages (Rs.)7000090000500002500015000
3Floor Space Area (Square Feets)10001500750650600
4Value of Plant and Machinery450000850000350000200000150000
5Number of Employee911654
6Value of Stock (Rs.)120001500013000
7Ki1owatt-hour (kWh)12167
8Number of Light Points16201275

Departments A, B and C are Production Departments.
Departments D and E are Service Departments.

Sr. No.ParticularsAmount (Rs.)
3Labour Welfare Expenses18900
4Insurance of Plant and Machinery15000
5Depreciation of Building56250

You are required to prepare Primary Overhead Distribution Summary for the departments showing clearly the most suitable basis of apportionments wherever necessary,
(20 Marks)

Q.4A) (i) RS Ltd. showed net loss of Rs 2,30,500 as per their financial accounts for the year ended 31st March, 2022. However, cost accounts disclosed net loss of Rs for the same period. On scrutinising both the set of books of accounts the following information were revealed:

Particulars Rs.
Facto overheads over recovered30,000
Distribution overheads under recovered20,000
Administrative overheads under recovered27,500
Depreciation over charged in Cost Accounts34,000
Bad debts w/off in Financial Accounts14,500
Prelimina ex enses w/off in Financial Accounts4,500
Interest credited durin the ear in Finar cial Accounts7,000
Notional Sala char ed in Cost Accounts10,000

Prepare a reconciliation statement reconciling losses shown by the financial and cost accounts by taking costing net loss as base.
(10 Marks)

Q.4A(ii) Calculate the earnings of A and B from the following particulars for a month and allocate the labour cost to each job X, Y and Z:

Basic WagesRs.400Rs.520
Dearness Allowance50%50%
Contribution to Provident Fund( on, basic wages)8%8%
Contribution to Employees’ State Insurance (on basic wages2%2%
OvertimeHours 10

The normal working hours for the month are 400. Overtime is paid at double the ,total of basic wages and dearness allowance. Employer’s and Employee’s contribution to State Insurance and Provident Fund are at equal rates. The two workers were employed on jobs X, Y and Z in the following proportions:

Workers A40%30%30%
Workers B25%35%40%

Overtime was done on job Z at the request of the customer.


Q.4 B) Standard output per-hour 250 unit}. Actual output in a 180 hour week is 50,000 units. Wage rate is Rs.300 per hour. Dearness allowance is Rs. 30 per hour. Calculate Total Earnings under:

i. Time Rate
ii. Piece Rate
iii. Halsey Premium System
iv. Rowan Premium System
v. Gantt Task Bonus System (20 marks)

Q.5 A) State the Functions of cost accounting? (10 Marks)
Q.5 B) What are the factors considered in fixation of stock level? (10 Marks)


Q.5) Write Short Notes (Any Four out of Six) (20 Marks)
1) EOQ
2) Gantt’s Task.
3) Idle Time
4) Factory Overheads.
5) Causes of disagreement between costing profit and financial profit.

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